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Federal law requires that a Metropolitan Planning Organization (MPO) be designated for each urban area with a population of 50,000 or more. The MPO will provide a continuing, cooperative, and comprehensive transportation planning process that results in plans and programs that consider all transportation modes and supports metropolitan community development and social goals. These plans and programs shall lead to the development and operation of an integrated, intermodal transportation system that facilitates the efficient, economic movement of people and goods.

Major Work Activities

Brownsville MPO carries out 3 major work activities to meet specific federal requirements, as follows:
  • The development and maintenance of the Metropolitan Transportation Plan - MTP, which is fiscally constrained long range transportation plan.
  • The development of a four-year program for highway and transit improvements. This program is known as the Transportation Improvement Program - TIP. The TIP is required to list all short - term transportation projects in the MPO region using federal funds. This includes highway and transit projects and other necessary enhancements such as bicycle and pedestrian projects. Entities within the MPO Study area propose eligible projects. The MPO staff and the MPO Technical Committee evaluate the proposed projects and rank them in accordance with a process. MPO Technical Committee Members passes on its recommendations to the MPO Policy Committee Members. The comments received during public meetings are made as part of the process. The ranking of the projects consistent with funding constraints and public comments are presented to the MPO Policy Committee Members for final selection of projects for a TIP.
  • The annual adoption of a comprehensive 1-year planning program: the Unified Planning Work Program - UPWP that describes and coordinates the individual transportation planning activities of all agencies in the area.

Federal Requirements

Metropolitan Planning Organizations are required by federal law to develop a long range transportation plan at least every 5 years. Federal funds can not be used to fund improvements, unless a project or service is consistent with an adopted long range plan.